Telecommunications Wireless Generations: Overview, Technological Differences, Evolutional Triggers, and the Future

Godfred Yaw Koi-Akrofi, Marcellinus Kuuboore Kuuboore, Daniel Adjei Odai, Albert Neequaye Kotey


This study expands on prior studies on wireless telecommunication generations by examining the technological differences and evolutional triggers that characterise each Generation (from 1G to 5G). Based on a systematic literature review approach, this study examines fifty (50) articles to enhance our understanding of wireless generation evolution. Specifically, this study analyses i) the triggers that necessitated the evolution of wireless telecommunication generations and ii) makes a case regarding why it is imperative to look beyond the fifth Generation (5G) network technologies. The authors propose areas for future research.

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