A novel edge computing approach to astronomical image data processing based on sCMOS camera using SoC.


  • Paweł Zienkiewicz Creotech Instruments S.A.
  • Katarzyna Karpińska Creotech Instruments S.A.
  • Mikołaj Jamroży Creotech Instruments S.A.
  • Bartłomiej Juszczyk Creotech Instruments S.A.
  • Dmytro Pochapskyi Creotech Instruments S.A.
  • Jerzy Łukasiewicz Air Force Institute of Technology (ITWL) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5997-8754
  • Natalia Czortek Creotech Instruments S.A.
  • Grzegorz Brona Creotech Instruments S.A.


The ever-growing deluge of astronomical data challenges traditional server-based processing, hindering real-time analysis and scientific discovery. This paper proposes a novel approach: edge computing directly on an sCMOS camera using a System-on-Chip (SoC) architecture currently developed at Creotech Instruments. We present a custom-designed camera equipped with an FPGA-based SoC, enabling on-board pre-processing and feature extraction of astronomical images. This significantly reduces data transmission, minimizes latency, and empowers real-time decision-making for critical observations. We showcase the camera's capabilities through real-world scenarios, demonstrating its usability in astronomy. 


Cooper, Justin & Mullan, Alan & Marsh, Aleksandra & Barszczewski, Marcin. (2019). Characterization of performance of back-illuminated SCMOS cameras versus conventional SCMOS and EMCCD cameras for microscopy applications. 50. https://doi.org/ 10.1117/12.2510614.

Zheng-Hai Zhu, Jing-Hui Zheng, Hao Luo, Guo-Ping Chen, Wei Wang, Yin-Dun Mao, Wen-Tang Wu, Kun-Peng Wang, “CMOS-based observation of Resident Space Objects using short-exposure stacking mode”, Advances in Space Research, Volume 72, Issue 6, 2023, Pages 2064-2077, ISSN 0273-1177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2023.06.003.

Schildknecht, T. & Hinze, A & Schlatter, P & Silha, Jiri & Peltonen, Juhani & Säntti, Tero & Flohrer, Tim. (2013). “Improved Space Object Observation Techniques using CMOS Detectors.”, Proceedings of 6th European Conference on Space Debris, Darmstadt, Germany

Qiu, Peng & Zhao, Yong & Zheng, Jie & Wang, Feng-Jian & Jiang, Xiao-Jun. (2021). “Research on performances of back-illuminated scientific CMOS for astronomical observations.”, Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics. 21. 268. https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4527/21/10/268.

Sun, Jian & Cheng, Hao-Wen & Jiang, Hai & Liu, Jing & Zhao, Yuan-Yuan. (2022). “A 36 cm robotic optical telescope: Equipment and software.”, Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences. 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2022.897065.

Lin, Ruisheng & Clowsley, Alex & Baddeley, David & Jayasinghe, Izzy & Soeller, Christian. (2016). Single Molecule Localisation Microscopy with sCMOS Cameras. Biophysical Journal. 110. 161a-162a. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2015.11.904.


Additional Files





Space technologies, Astronomy